As you go further down south in France, the cities seem to become less French. Southern France touches Spain and Italy, and their influence on the local music, customs, architecture, and colors create truly hybrid ‘European’ cities. These are really, in a sense the ‘United States of Europe’, without the binding federal unity of America. We visited a couple of such cities in May – Montpellier & Avignon.
Perhaps the best part of our visit was that we got to stay with a really nice couple of friends who were studying at Montpellier (the city has an excellent university). They were put up in a story-book dwelling in a 5th floor walk-up in the heart of the city. All around were narrow, cobbled pedestrian-only streets that were arranged specifically to test our navigational skills..
The outward history of Montpellier is fairly uninteresting – the city was bought, sold, received in dowry (yes, really), then resold again.. sounding a lot like the dates and names of our inspiringly(!) written history textbooks.
On that note, it so happens that one of the best books I have on France is a 1943 work by an Englishman. I’d picked it up last September from a correct-smelling old bookstore in Cardiff. Misleadingly titled “French life and its problems” (an oxymoron), it is actually a very rounded, insightful series of essays on many aspects of France and her people. This little excerpt below touched upon the South, Montpellier in particular and is worth sharing:
Southern France is thus in a rather special sense Roman France. Its languages, Provençal and the Langue d’oc, are nearer to Latin than is standard French; its cities, with Roman amphitheatres still in use, speak to this day of their Roman pride; its people, as soon as possible after the Dark Ages, accepted Le Droit écrit, that is, the tradition of Roman Law. In the Middle Ages there developed in southern France, as in Italy, the student-democracies which formed the southern type of university, in contrast with the universities like Paris, Oxford, Cambridge, Prague, Cracow, and those of central Europe generally, in which teachers gathered students around them. The universities, at least of Montpellier and Toulouse, retained something of their own tradition down to our own time, in spite of Napoleonic and other centralisation and the consequent dominance of Paris.
Pg. 28. French life and its problems. by H.J. Fleure Hachette (1943)
Wiki describes Montpellier as one of the few cities in France without a Roman heritage. This is actually incorrect – there is even a Roman arch and a Roman church. It is best characterised as a university town, and represents to a fair extent the novel experiment that modern Europe is attempting.
We spent a day in a nearby city called Avignon, also very beautiful and known best for its annual summer theater, arts and music festival with over 100,000 visitors flooding the town from all over.
The central town-defining monuments are (surprise) remains of a dark Christian era which Europe has for the most part moved on from.
Here are a few pics..